“Science of life from ancient Hindu Civilization”.
Yoga and Sage Patanjali
You might have heard that Yoga is the union of mind, body, and spirit. But what does it actually mean and who invented Yoga anyway?
Yoga is the science of life from ancient Hindu civilization. It was taught and practiced in Gurukula(s) for thousands of years without written books. Sage Patanjali compiled all aspects of Yoga into a specific format called “Yoga Sutra” (Sutra means formula) around 2500 years back (i.e. 200 BCE to 500 BCE). He is known as the father of modern Yoga. The entire world is slowly starting to realize the importance of yoga and it is becoming an integral part of our society. Since Yoga is from our Hindu civilization, it is our responsibility to understand, practice and promote it for the well-being of everyone.
When most people hear the word Yoga, they think of physical postures or asanas. While that is true, asanas are only a part of complete Yoga and it deals with the physical body. Patanjali classified Yoga into 8 limbs (parts) and asanas is one of them. Other limbs are practices for the mind and spirit (inner self/soul) as listed below.
Eight limbs of Yoga
- Yama – Self-control.
- Niyama- Discipline.
- Asana – Physical exercises.
- Pranayama – Breathing exercises.
- Pratyahara – Mastery over controlling senses.
- Dharana – Concentration.
- Dhyana – Meditation
- Samadhi – Blissful with divinity
Read more on Yoga in other lessons:
- For elementary students: https://balagokulam.hssus.org/course/6192/
- For middle class and above: https://balagokulam.hssus.org/course/yoga-2/
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